Chad has produced oil since 2003. When production began, the World Bank endeavoured to establish a resource environment together with the Chadian government in which the “paradox of plenty” was to be avoided. A law was passed to guarantee fair revenue distribution and the development of social infrastructure. It was to prevent militarization, prolonged dictatorship and economic decline, phenomena normally identified with the “resource curse.” Western observers consider this model a failure. I will compare Western and Chadian interpretations of the Chadian oil model and show how oil extraction and oil revenue flows have led to various forms of engagement with the resource — by the Chadian government, rebels in Eastern Chad and farmers and NGOs within the region of oil extraction. The notion of “travelling models” will direct the analysis.